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:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (winter 2018) ::
2018, 4(4): 327-340 Back to browse issues page
Application and Role of Ontologies in Biomedical Information Retrieval Systems
Nader Alishan Karami, Mohsen Haji Zeinolabedini , Iraj Radad, Seyed Javad Ghazi-Mirsaeid
Ph.D. in Knowledge and Information Science, Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2558 Views)
Introduction: Ontologies improve the quality of information retrieval (IR). Therefore, it is important to better know the process of ontology engineering and their application in IR. The aim of this research was to identify the engineering methods of ontologies and also their application in biomedical IR.
Method: This review was done through library research method with an analytical approach. Required information for the review was retrieved from Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science using keywords: "Ontology-based biomedical Information Retrieval", "Information Retrieval", "Biomedical Information Retrieval",  "Ontology engineering", "Ontology construction",  "Biomedical Ontology" and "Ontology building" without time limit. Five articles addressing an ontology-based biomedical IR system were reviewed.
Results: Studies on ontology based biomedical IR, started in 2004, are not limited to a single country. In general, ontologies are used to manage the semantic metadata. Although most IRs try to develop their own ontologies, reuse of earlier ontologies is a priority. The material for developing ontologies is taken from the literature in the domain. The studied ontologies have been produced by centralized approaches and decentralized approaches and different groups have not been used.
Conclusion: The main purpose of systems for applying ontologies is using them to develop semantic metadata for helping machine reasoning.
Keywords: Information Storage and Retrieval, Biological Ontologies, Information Systems
Full-Text [PDF 857 kb]   (757 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative review articles | Subject: Information Retrieval & Natural Language Processing systems
Received: 2017/09/1 | Accepted: 2017/11/2
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Alishan Karami N, Haji Zeinolabedini M, Radad I, Ghazi-Mirsaeid S J. Application and Role of Ontologies in Biomedical Information Retrieval Systems. Journal of Health and Biomedical Informatics. 2018; 4 (4) :327-340
URL: http://jhbmi.ir/article-1-222-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 4 (winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله انفورماتیک سلامت و زیست پزشکی Journal of Health and Biomedical Informatics
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